2.2.2 Large and small cultures in ELT

Review Materials

Welcome to the “Large and small cultures in English language teaching” Section of the ENRICH CPD Course. This Section discusses the concept of “culture” in English language teaching (ELT), placing emphasis on its relevance to the current role of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF). More specifically, it introduces the notion of European Cultural Heritage as a valuable source of inspiration for teachers and learners and it presents two perspectives –the large-culture and the small-culture ones– which ELT activities could illustrate either in a typical EFL approach or in a post-EFL, ELF-aware approach. Various samples of ELT activities are discussed in this respect. This Section includes four Activities in total.

Click below to watch the video of this Section:

Supplementary Materials

Click here to download the Power Point Presentation used in the video.
Click here to download the transcript of the video.
Click here to access the website of the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018.
Click here to access a toolkit developed by the European Union, 2018.


This Section includes the following Activities:

  • Activity 1: Associations with ‘culture’
  • Activity 2: European Cultural Heritage *
  •  Activity 3: Evaluation and improvement of ELT activities
  • Activity 4: Your views about large and small cultures *

Click here to download the Activities in a printable format.

How to cite this section:

Kordia, S. (2021). Large and small cultures in English language teaching [Online Lecture]. In N. Sifakis and S. Kordia (Eds.), The ENRICH Continuous Professional Development Course. The ENRICH Project. (http://enrichproject.eu/lessons/167-2-2-2-large-and-small-cultures-in-elt)


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